The Prepared Environment: A classroom that has specifically designed materials that allows children to explore their world, develop their cognitive ability and provide them with the freedom to choose.
Practical Life: The aim of Practical Life lessons allows the child to gain control of their fine and gross motor skills, develop their ability to concentrate and to adapt to their society. Learning to Care for The Environment both indoors and out, helps to create a full self-expression of love for the environment. Care of The Person and the school materials through dignity and independence, not just of oneself but of others as well. Grace & Courtesy are much deeper than manners; it is living together with respect.
Sensorial Materials: The purpose and aim of Sensorial work is for the child to acquire clear, conscious information, then make classifications in his environment through his senses. Through classification, the child is also offered the first steps in organizing his intelligence, which then leads to his adapting to his environment. Work with the Sensorial Materials is indirect preparation for the Mathematical Materials.
Language Materials: The Montessori 3-6 classroom is a natural extension of the patterns of communication that the child has already absorbed. Through every conversation, every book read aloud, every new word that is taught, the Montessori student is learning language, and thus, learning to read. In the Montessori environment, emphasis is placed on the process of acquiring language. Knowledge is constructed by mental and physical activity rather than on passive learning. Writing is taught before reading through the direct and indirect aims of the Montessori Practical Life and Sensorial works. In the Montessori 3-6 Language curriculum, writing itself is seen as a direct preparation for reading.
Mathematical Materials: Math is logic, sequence, order, and the extrapolation of truth. In the Montessori philosophy it’s stated that the child has a ‘mathematical mind’ and an internal drive to understand the environment around them. Mathematics involves the process of calculation, which is a combination of observation and classification. Therefore, mathematics is a language that we must prepare children for in order to apply it.
Geography: Geography is the study of the life of man, the way humans live, and the way of life that has been established by a human society to sustain life. It is the study of the features of the earth, and the cultures that were developed in the various parts of the world by human beings. The Montessori approach to Geography begins with the child’s home culture. We give the child a rich experience of the culture in which he lives then expand from the home culture to other cultures and other places.
Botany & Zoology: The interest in nature is a natural thing in every human being since the beginning of time. Language can be used as a pathway to the science of biology. Children have a great, natural interest in living things and biology is the study of living organisms, plants and animals. This is an area in which it is a pure joy in following the child’s natural interest. The child is naturally fascinated by “real and living things”. Montessori introduces these concepts through lessons in Botany and Zoology.
Art: In the Primary classroom art is not taught as a subject. As in all areas of the classroom, we offer the sensorial explorer the materials for his own personal experience. From these materials and exercises, the child will have different sensorial stimulation with various points of focus. The child will learn the art of his own culture then compare it to the art of other cultures. This process will lead to the creation of his individual art. Art is an avenue for self-expression and communication, not an item that is produced, judged or graded.
Music: The purpose of the Montessori music program is to allow the child to develop and express their feelings through music and songs. Music is a language and can be seen as an additional means for communication. Children will learn pitch, beat and have the freedom to move to music.
Physical Education: In a Montessori environment physical activity is woven into the student’s daily classroom experience. Every lesson the child receives incorporates purposeful activity with purposeful thought. One of Maria Montessori’s core principles is the importance of movement in order for the child to perfect both gross and refined motor skills.